Give to TIC
Selected Results from the Turfgrass Information File
Powered by the Turfgrass Information File
USGATurfgrass Information Center

Retrieved 1 Record(s).

Full TGIF Record for: 68814
Author(s):Cornish, Geoffrey S.
Author Affiliation:Golf Course Architect, Fiddlers Green, Amherst, MA
Title:History and design of bunkers
Section:Lecture notes from December 1981 New Jersey Turfgrass Expo
Records with this section
Item is a:*Proceedings
Source:1982 Rutgers Turfgrass Proceedings. Vol. 13, 1982, p. 1-2.
# of Pages:2
Publishing Information:New Brunswick, NJ: Cook College and the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University, In cooperation with the New Jersey Turfgrass Association
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Bunker construction; Golf course design; Golf course construction; Bunkers
Abstract:The game of golf evolved 500 years ago in Scotland. Livestock nestling on the lee side of hills wore the turf, and sand reappeared, leaving scars known to farmers as bunkers. Bunkers deepened as balls were played from them and as wind and rain hollowed them. Others arose as gardeners quarried sea shells from the links for horticulture purposes. The placement of bunkers has changed through the ages. Historically, they were placed in a penal or strategic fashion. Fairway bunkers were laid across the fairway in a penal manner in the early days; then, lateral bunkers along the side of the fairway became fashionable. Placement of fairway bunkers farther from the tee evolved when the era of power golf was introduced. After World War II, greenside bunkers became placed 10-12 feet away from the green's edge. Gradually the concept has arisen that the further from the tee a bunker is the deeper it should be and the steeper its face. Another concept is that axes of fairway hazards should converge the farther one is from the tee. The pot or pot bunker and the raised bunker arose from these links.
Language:English
References:0
Note:"August 1982"
 ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Cornish, G. S. 1982. History and design of bunkers. p. 1-2. In 1982 Rutgers Turfgrass Proceedings. New Brunswick, NJ: Cook College and the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University, In cooperation with the New Jersey Turfgrass Association.
 Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF:     http://ticpass.lib.msu.edu/cgi-bin/flink.pl?recno=68814
 Choices for finding the above item: 
 Find Text @ MSU: SB 433 .A1 R82